Such as political science or international relations, area and cultural studies, gender studies, history, sociology, and anthropology.
Introduction to Feminist Research All research begins with a problem or a question. Deciding on what method to use to find the solution or answer, and then gathering, organizing, and analysing data, are the next steps, followed by writing and publishing the research report.
What makes research feminist? A classic answer is that it is research done by, for, and about women. Another is that "feminist researchers produce feminist research" Robbins,p. There is no single definition of "feminist research" or "feminism," for that matterbut many authors point to certain key elements as defining features.
These features help distinguish feminist research from either traditional social sciences research, research that studies women, or research that attends to gender but without an agenda for change. What makes feminist research uniquely feminist are the kinds of questions, methodologies, knowledge, and purpose brought to the research process.
First, feminist research is characterized by its double dimension. As opposed to traditional research, its objectives include both the construction of new knowledge and the production of social change.
Historically, feminist Feminist research has been informed by women's struggles against the multiple forms of their oppression. Second, feminist research is grounded in feminist values and beliefs. It seeks to include feminism within the process, to focus on the meanings women give to their world, while recognizing that research must often be conducted within institutions that are still patriarchal.
Feminist principles inform all stages of the research, from choice of topic to presentation of data, acting as the framework guiding the decisions being made by the people involved in the research.
Third, feminist research is characterized by its diversity. It is interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary, it uses different methodologies, and it is constantly being redefined by the concerns of women coming from very different perspectives.
Feminist research thus requires that such issues as antiracism and diversity, democratic decision making, and the empowerment of women--including traditionally marginalised women--are addressed. Feminists may not agree how precisely to shape or define feminist research, but there is a high degree of concurrence over the epistemological grounding of the research process.
Judith Cook and Mary Margaret Fonow identify five basic epistemological principles in feminist methodology. These include the taking of women and gender as the focus of analysis; the importance of consciousness raising; the rejection of subject and object this means valuing the knowledge held by the participant as being expert knowledge and acknowledging how research valued as "objective" always reflects a specific social and historical standpoint; a concern with ethics throughout the research process and in the use of research results ; and an intention to empower women and change power relations and inequality.
Methodologically, feminist research differs from traditional research. It actively seeks to remove the power imbalance between research and subject; it is politically motivated in that it seeks to change social inequality; and it begins with the standpoints and experiences of women.
A wide range of methods, both qualitative and quantitative, are available to feminist researchers. Instead of focussing on which type of research is better, it makes more sense to allow the context and purpose of the research to guide the choice of research tools and techniques.
There is no one method or strategy for feminist research. The particular situation or context should guide the methodological choices, instead of having a trust in the method as appropriate for every context and situation Greaves et al.
While feminist researchers can strive for the ideal feminist research process, there often exists a large gap between the reality and ideal goals of doing feminist research. While the desire may be to promote equality in the research process through the validation of women's experiences and to enact social change and transformation, many barriers confront feminist researchers from achieving these aims.
Doing research involves a long series of choices and decisions. While feminist beliefs and concerns will help guide and direct the decision making process, outside forces also play a key role.
Diana Ralph constructed a power pyramid that illustrates how power informs the decision making process; where the feminist researcher is on the bottom of the structure, she has more difficulty in controlling the choices being made Ralph,p.
The culture or society in which one conducts research, the external funding agencies, the organizations or individuals who have an investment in the outcome of the research process, publishers, and even the research team all significantly impact on the decisions being made.
Marianne Weston sees all research as existing on a fluid scale between traditional research and ideal feminist research.Search, The University of Queensland.
Search all UQ websites or browse the sites below Some of the below sites provide functionality and databases that cannot be accessed via the search field above.
Feminist Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible in Retrospect. II. Social Locations (Recent Research in Biblical Studies) [Susanne Scholz] on torosgazete.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
This is the second of a set of three volumes reviewing the progress of feminist Hebrew Bible scholarship over the last forty years. In it. The topic of feminist research has frequently been neglected in standard research methods books. The purpose of this Primer is to invite students to explore.
It isn't actually research at all, so much as confirmation bias based upon established Feminist theory; that which says women are perpectually victims to evil men who oppress them in daily life. The Feminist Majority Foundation works for social and political and economic equality for women by using research and education to improve women's lives.
The Feminist Majority Foundation Online features daily feminist news with 'take action' ideas, domestic violence and sexual assault hotlines, a feminist career center, information on . The Paradox of Declining Female Happiness Betsey Stevenson, Justin Wolfers.
NBER Working Paper No.
Issued in May NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth, Law and Economics, Labor Studies, Public Economics By many objective measures the lives of women in the United States have improved over the past 35 .