In this essay we will discuss about Poverty in India.
Indonesia is an archipelago a group of islands stretching along the equator between the Southeast Asian mainland and Papua New Guinea, with which it shares an island. The country has a total land area of 1, square kilometerssquare milesor about 3 times the size of Texas.
With 17, islands 11, of them inhabitedIndonesia's coastline stretches 54, kilometers 34, miles. The country controls important shipping lanes from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean, in particular the Strait of Malacca lying between the western Indonesian island of Sumatra and Malaysia.
Indonesia has territory on some of the world's largest islands, such as New Guinea, Borneo, Sumatra, and Sulawesi. The official census found , Indonesians though most outside sources estimate millionmaking Indonesia the world's fourth most populous country.
An estimated birth rate of The United Nations Development Program predicts that the population will reach Like many developing countries, Indonesia has a young population, with In almost two-fifths of the population lived in urban areas, double the level.
Indonesia has hundreds of ethnic groups, with the 2 largest—Javanese 45 percent and Sundanese 14 percent —living on the island of Java. One of the most densely populated places in the world, Java is about the size of New York State and is home to more than million people.
Other ethnic groups include Madurese and coastal Malays, who each make up 7. Indonesian Chinese, whose ancestors mostly came to the Dutch East Indies as workers, are a small but economically important minority with 2 percent of the population but a majority of the wealth. Java and Bali are often referred to as the Inner Islands, with the other less densely populated ones known as the Outer Islands.
Starting inthe government pursued a policy of transmigration a program to shift inhabitants from more crowded to less crowded areas. Millions of people have joined this official migration program based on the promise of land and support.
After years of criticism for damage to the environment, failure to live up to promises to the transmigrants, and conflicts with local inhabitants, the government announced an end to the program in Many Indonesians also migrate on their own from one part of the country to another in search of farmland or jobs.
Indonesia has 5 officially recognized religions: Muslim 88 percentProtestant 5 percentRoman Catholic 3 percentHindu 2 percentand Buddhist 1 percentas well as numerous traditional religions.
More Muslims live in Indonesia than in any other country. The official language is Bahasa Indonesia, a modified form of Malay adopted as a national language and taught in all schools. Most Indonesians, except some raised in Jakarta or by parents from different ethnic groups, speak Bahasa Indonesia as a second language after their native tongue, one of some local languages and many more dialects.
Indonesia's family planning program was formally established in after years in which rapid population growth was not seen as a problem and even at times encouraged. The Indonesian family planning program has involved thousands of village-level volunteers, grassroots organizations, and religious leaders and a multifaceted approach that brings together agencies and organizations.
The phrase "dua anak cukup" 2 children are enough appears on T-shirts, statues, and television broadcasts, and family planning and reproductive health program services are made available in over 10, clinics, hospitals, and community health centers.
Indonesia has a significant challenge in implementing a population policy, given the size of the population, the geographic distribution, and occasional cultural and religious objections.
Despite this, Indonesia has achieved what the World Bank has called "one of the most impressive demographic transitions anywhere in the world.
Indonesia is often held up as a model for developing countries. As a result of various conflicts, Indonesia has over 1 million internally displaced people IDPs who have fled their homes to avoid ethnic, religious, or political violence and military repression, most notably involving populations in Maluku, West Kalimantan, and East Timor.
In much of the nation, the primary crop is rice, sometimes grown in extensive rice terraces with complex irrigation systems. Secondary crops, known as palawija, grown outside of the rice-growing season, include soybeans, corn, peanuts, and mung beans. In mountainous areas highland vegetables are grown, including potatoes, cabbage, carrots, and asparagus.
Major fruit crops include bananas, mangos, papaya, oranges, and pineapples. In drier areas root crops such as cassava are an important product. In the s the set of agricultural innovations known as the Green Revolution introduced new seed varieties that responded well to fertilizers and pesticides, dramatically boosting rice production.
Indonesia went from being the world's largest importer of rice in the s to being self-sufficient in However, the increased dependence on these costly chemicals also carried negative environmental and economic impacts, and the benefits did not reach farmers in dry, mountainous, and other marginal areas.
Forests and woodlands cover 62 percent of the country, making Indonesia the most heavily forested region in the world after the Amazon. Tropical rainforests make up the vast majority of this acreage, particularly in Kalimantan, Sumatra, and Papua Irian Jaya.Latest Multimedia.
In Indonesia, Youth Co: Lab is led by UNDP Indonesia’s Innovative Financing Lab, in partnership with Citi Foundation and co-working space provider, HUBUD. Paul Kingsnorth is a writer and poet living in Cumbria, England. He is the author of several books, including the poetry collection Kidland and his fictional debut The Wake, winner of the Gordon Burn Prize and the Bookseller Book of the Year Award.
Kingsnorth is the cofounder and director of the Dark Mountain Project, a network of writers, artists, and thinkers.
Indonesia is one of the top 10 developing countries in the world, with the number of people living under the poverty level accounting for % of the total population (CIA, ).
According to UNDP observation in the same year, % of Indonesians have daily earnings of less than US$ or about Rp11, on average. RACE, CULTURE, AND EQUALITY 1 by Thomas Sowell. During the 15 years that I spent researching and writing my recently completed trilogy on racial and cultural issues, 2 I was struck again and again with how common huge disparities in income and wealth have been for centuries, in countries around the world-- and yet how each country regards its own particular disparities as unusual, if not unique.
Comprehensive and meticulously documented facts about income, wealth, and poverty. Learn about the measures, sources, correlates, and trends of economic wellbeing in the U.S. and across the world. Published: Mon, 10 Jul How can those developing countries promote their development??
The poverty has so long and gravely sparked concern to the world because many people are experiencing hardship, misery, starvation, and so on.